A Khakass drum shows the common mountainous horizon motif. The middle world portion shows rows of dancers, probably ongon spirits, and a figure with a spear or perhaps a horiboo, shaman staff. There is also a wolf (or dog), a snake representing the water spirits, and a monsterlike figure, perhaps a mangadhai. In the upper world portion there is a turge and a mounted warrior, perhaps the shaman, as well as birds, the sun, and a constellation, either the Pleiades or the Great Bear.